The Electrophysical Forum aims to provide an interactive platform for questions, comments, discussion and opinion related to the use of Electro Physical modalities in therapy. It is supported by an Internationally renowned expert panel and a broad sphere of clinicians, researchers, educators and students. Active participation is welcomed.

Sign up to start posting >>>

Ask a question and get it answered by your peers and respected experts

Answer a question and be recognised, raising your international profile



Create a link to us from your website, blog or social media platform.


Dr Sandy Rennie

Dr Sandy Rennie

Member since: Oct 2016

Dr Sandy Rennie is a forum moderator

Recent posts

Post When

Hi Matt. I would suggest determining what grade the muscle strength is of each leg (quadriceps in pa...

Posted in NMES on just the affected side? 2 months ago

Hi Mary. I’m not sure about gloves with IFC - I’ve only seen one used with HVPC. However in your sit...

Posted in IF therapy on middle joint of middle finger 6 months ago

Hi Hannah.

Using NMES for this patient should not create any problems re the intramedullary nail. Th...

Posted in Can NMES be used over an intramedullary lengthening nail? 10 months ago

Hello Fiona. Normal FES as used for innervated musculature will unlikely assist muscle(s) that are c...

Posted in FES and peroneal nerve damage 1 year ago

Hello Oussama.

We recently published a special issue og Physiotherapy Canada entitled Neuromuscular ...

Posted in NMES adoption 1 year ago

Hi Timberly. I concur with Professor Watson. The one precaution I have seen is with pulsed LEDs or p...

Posted in What is the current research on the use of EPAs, specifically Ultrasound and Laser, on someone with epilepsy? 1 year ago

Hello Caitlin. My colleagues and I recently published a large paper on neuromuscular electrical stim...

Posted in Looking for suggestions on NMES application in a gentleman with MS 1 year ago

Hi Sarah. A group of us spend two plus years writing a special edition of Physiotherapy Canada on NM...

Posted in Hi, this is quite a basic question as I'm fairly new to electrotherapy and is regarding pulse width/length on an NMES machine 1 year ago

I would agree with Professor Watson. With radial ESWT I believe it is important to inform the patien...

Posted in Wriiten consent for ESWT? 1 year ago

I have to agree with my colleague Alison Hoens. Without more information about your scenario, I beli...

Posted in Heart disease contraindication TENS/EMS 1 year ago